Geography, Land-Use, Highlights, Population, Roads, Airports, Climate & National Monuments in Uasin Gishu County
Geography of Uasin Gishu County
Uasin Gishu County is a highland plateau with altitude falling from 2,700 ms to about 1,500 ms. The topography is higher to the east and declines gently toward the western border. Uasin Gishu County can be split into three ecology zones: the upper highlands, upper midlands and lower highlands. These zones greatly influence land use patterns as determined by climatic conditions. Uasin Gishu County lies within Lake Victoria catchment and all its rivers drain into the lake. The major rivers are: Sosiani, Kipkaren, Kerita, Nderugut, Daragwa and Sambu.
Uasin Gishu Plateau
This is the most extensive single physiographical unit in the area and is solely determined by the present limits of the Uasin Gishu phonolite lavas. The edges of the lava outcrops are deeply incised by the main rivers and their tributaries, so that prominent escarpments overlook the Nzoia Valley in the north, and the Sosiani Valley in the west. In the vicinity of Eldoret the plateau is about 7200 feet ASL; it rises progressively towards the Rift Valley at Elgeyo some twenty miles to the east of Eldoret, where at Kamorin it reaches an elevation of 8,000 feet. The present surface of the plateau exhibits a downward gradient directed towards the northwest, so that elevations at the north-western frontiers of the plateau, for instance near Moi’s Bridge, are roughly 1,000 feet less than those near Eldoret; the gradient has been brought about by the present inclination of the irregular floor on which the lavas were deposited and by a thickening of the phonolite accumulations towards their source in the Rift Valley region. The flat profile of the plateau is interrupted at Sergoit and Ndalat where basement rock protrude through the lava flow and stand above the flat surrounding landscape.
Land Use in Uasin Gishu County
The three dominant livelihoods in Uasin Gishu County are mixed farming (food crops and livestock), cash farming (commercial crops and livestock – dairy) and formal/casual employment. Uasin Gishu has a prolific agricultural resource base, with 80% of the land tenure being privately-owned. Uasin Gishu County has an average land holding of 5 hectares in rural areas and 0.25 of hectares within Eldoret Municipality. Land use practices vary considerably across the county. The crop enterprises include food crops, cash crops and horticultural, in so much as animal farming includes: dairy, poultry, sheep, goats, pigs, and fish.
Highlights in Uasin Gishu County
Uasin Gishu County is best-known as the “city of champions” because majority of international athletes hail from the region. There is a need to leverage on this for the purpose of tourism. Key areas in sports tourism that can be spruced for tourism purposes include development of high class athletic training centers, stadia and sports museum. Currently the Kipchoge High Performance Athletics Centre is available and other small facilities can be better promoted for tourism.
Population in Uasin Gishu County
According to the 2009 Census population in Uasin Gishu County was 894,179, at an inter-censual growth rate of 3.8%. The total population was projected at 1,211,853 by 2017. The population growth rate is higher than the national rate of 2.9%. The population density is 267 people / km2, and which was expected to increase to 362 people / km2 by 2017. There are 102 centres with 6 of them being busy hubs: Burnt Forest, Matunda, Turbo, Moiben, Kesses, and Kapsaret.
Airports in Uasin Gishu County
Usain Gishu County is served by Moi International Airport.
Roads in Uasin Gishu County
Uasin Gishu County has an extensive road network comprising of over 300 kms of tarmac roads, 549 kms of murram, and 377 kms of earth roads. A2 Nairobi-Malaba Road passes through Eldoret. B6 from Eldoret travels north to Lodwar.
Climate in Uasin Gishu County
Although Uasin Gishu County lies within one degree at the Equator, the daily temperatures are moderate and the climate is equitable throughout the year, since much part of the region stands ay altitude of more that 6,000 ft above sea level. Rainfall reaches a maximum during the months of April, May and August, while December, January and February are the driest months. Temperatures range between 9 Degrees and 29 Degrees Celsius, rarely rising above 30 Celsius.
National Monument in Uasin Gishu County
There are no designated national monuments in Uasin Gishu County.