Cultures and Languages in Tanzania, Togo, Tunisia, Uganda, Zambia & Zimbabwe

African Language Family Distributions & Migration. Courtesy of ResearchGate
African Language Family Distributions & Migration. Courtesy of ResearchGate

All the Cultures & Languages in Africa

Cultural Diversity in Tanzania

With almost 160 different ethnic groups, Republic of Tanzania has evolved an exalted linguistic diversity among the countries of Africa – with all four substantial language families, ranging from Bantus, Cushitic and the Nilotic groups, to the minority Khoisan. Impressively, Tanzanians share strong feelings of national pride and coherence, with no political and economic dominance by any of these ethnic tribes. And while each group has its own language, nearly all its citizenry, 56 million in 2018, speak the state language of Kiswahili. The use of a single common language has fostered a model of how to manage cultural diversity and ethnicities in Africa

Cultural Diversity in Togo

Despite the small size of the long and narrowed Togo, spread over 56,785 km2 between Ghana and Benin in West Africa, it’s a richly multilingual country which hosts 37 spoken languages in its dense population of 8.2 million (2019). The official language is French. Two indigenous languages were designated politically as national languages (in 1975): Kabiyé and Ewé. Minority languages include the Gen language, spoken widely in Southeast Togo and along the Maritime regions. Gbe language is also spoken in southern Togo.

Cultural Diversity in Tunisia

With a population of 11,565,204, and 70% of these residing in the urban areas, Tunisia has a more or less homogeneous ethnicality: About 98% Arab or Berber, 1% of European origin and 1% are from other backgrounds. Today, the Tunisian society is marked by a strong traditional culture while struggling with the acceptance of new practices. Carthage Festival, mostly music related, is the most visible and publicly backed event in Tunisia. The national language is Arabic. French is the second main national language. Tunisia is dominated by its buzzy capital city, Tunis. The other main cities are set along the coast, to include Bizerte, Sousse, Sfax, and Gabès.

Cultural Diversity in Uganda

Uganda, in Central East Africa, and landlocked between Rwanda, Tanzania, Sudan, Kenya and the DRC, expands over 241,040 km2 with a 3,500 km shoreline along Lake Victoria. Her est. 43 million inhabitants fall into 56 different cultures and languages currently adopted around Uganda. Whilst English and Swahili are Uganda’s two official languages, Luganda is the most widely used language. It is mainly spoken by the famed Baganda group, who dwell in and around Kampala and most urban areas. The lesser Runyankore-Rukiga and Lusoga languages are spoken in the south-western and south-east areas of Uganda.

Cultural Diversity in Zambia

Zambia, a landlocked nation in Southern Africa, surrounded by eight countries, covering 752 610 km2, has a population 18 million (2019). It has at least 73 cultural groups. The prevalent indigenous languages spoken are: Bemba, Nyanja, Tonga, Lozi, Lunda, Kaonde and Luvale, to which almost 90% of Zambians belong to. There are numerous smaller indigenous language groups like: Lamba, Ila, Mambwe, Aushi, Lala, Lenje, Namwanga and Tumbuka, and so many others.

Cultural Diversity in Zimbabwe

Zimbabwe boasts 16 languages, viz: Chewa, Chibarwe, Ndau, English, Kalanga, Shangani, Khoisan, Nambya, Ndebelle, Shona, sign language, Sotho, Batonga, Xhosa, Tswana and Venda. The country’s dominant languages are Shona, spoken by just about 70% of the population, and Ndebele, spoken by roughly 20%. English is the official state lingua-franca. The largest ethnic group, making up about 80% of the population, is Shona. They have a well established regional clan structure, with six disparate groups: Manyika, Ndau, Zezuru, Karanga, Korekore and the Rozvi

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